D. B. Papadimitriou, M. Nikiforos, G. Zezza
In this report, we discuss alternative scenarios for restoring growth and increasing employment in the Greek economy, evaluating alternative policy options through our specially constructed macroeconometric model (LIMG). After reviewing recent events in 2013 that confirm our previous projections for an increase in the unemployment rate, we examine the likely impact of four policy options:
(1) external help through Marshall Plan–type capital transfers to the government;
(2) suspension of interest payments on public debt, instead using these resources for increasing demand and employment;
(3) introduction of a parallel financial system that uses new government bonds; and
(4) adoption of an employer-of-last-resort (ELR) program financed through the parallel financial system. We argue that the effectiveness of the different plans crucially depends on the price elasticity of the Greek trade sector. Since our analysis shows that such elasticity is low, our ELR policy option seems to provide the best strategy for a recovery, having immediate effects on the Greek population's standard of living while containing the effects on foreign debt.
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